Felipe León

Felipe León



My background is in classical phenomenology and philosophy of mind, and I mainly work on issues in the fields of social cognition and collective intentionality. I also have interests in the philosophy of emotions, and in the nature of selfhood and reflection. I came to Copenhagen in 2011 for my MA studies in philosophy. I have worked as a PhD fellow (2013-2016), and as a postdoc at the Center for Subjectivity Research. My current postdoc project, funded by the Independent Research Fund Denmark, is part of the larger project "You and We: Second-Person Engagement and Collective Intentionality", directed by Dan Zahavi. 


Current research

My current research aims at bringing together theoretical and empirical perspectives on two research domains that have been intensively explored in recent years, though in relative isolation from each other. 

On the one hand, an increasing number of philosophers, psychologist and social neuroscientists have investigated the significance of second-person engagements in how we understand other people. Although there is a broad consensus that there is something distinctive about relating to someone as a you, it has proven challenging to pinpoint what precisely this distinctiveness amounts to. It has been proposed that a second-person relation involves action (instead of passive observation), affective engagement, reciprocity, communication, and/or a specific form of self-consciousness. On the other hand, some strands of research on group-identification and collective intentionality have investigated the relationship between individual or I-intentionality, and collective or we-intentionality, understood as the capacity to share mental states with other people (including intentions, beliefs, and emotions), and thereby adopt with them a group- or we-perspective. 

Although the topics of second-person engagement and group-identification point to pivotal structures of human sociality, their interrelations remain largely unexplored. Some of the questions I am interested in are: (i) Do second-person engagements play any role in how people come to identify with groups, and thereby adopt with others a we-perspective? (ii) How, if at all, are second-person engagements and group-identification modulated by the spatio-temporal proximity of the participants in a social interaction, and by the number of them (in dyadic, triadic, and larger-scale interactions) (iii) What is the developmental route of second-person engagements and group-identification? (iii) Does triadic joint attention amount to a basic form of we-perspective?




  • Spring 2019Merleau-Ponty’s Phenomenology: Embodiment, Perception, and the Social Life (with Søren Overgaard)
  • Fall 2018: Empathy and Interpersonal Understanding (with Patricia Meindl)
  • Spring 2017: Consciousness and Self-consciousness (with Dan Zahavi)
  • Fall 2016: Central Topics in Phenomenology and Philosophy of Mind
  • Fall 2014: Central Topics in Phenomenology and Philosophy of Mind (with Adrian Alsmith and Alessandro Salice)
  • Spring 2014: Phenomenology and Existential Philosophy (with Søren Overgaard and Mads Gram Henriksen)


Selected publications

  1. Published

    Sense of Ownership and Sense of Agency in First-Person Perspective Full-Body Illusions

    León, F., 2018, In : Constructivist Foundations. 14, 1, p. 105-107 3 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debateResearchpeer-review

  2. Published

    How We Feel: Collective Emotions Without Joint Commitments

    León, F. & Zahavi, D., 2019, In : ProtoSociology - An International Journal and Interdisciplinary Project. 35 , p. 117-134

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleCommissionedpeer-review

  3. E-pub ahead of print

    Autism, Social Connectedness, and Minimal Social Acts

    León, F., 2019, In : Adaptive Behavior.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  4. E-pub ahead of print

    For-me-ness, For-us-ness, and the We-relationship

    León, F., 27 Mar 2018, In : Topoi.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  5. Published

    Emotional Sharing and the Extended Mind

    León, F., Szanto, T. & Zahavi, D., 2019, In : Synthese. 196, 12, p. 4847-4867

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  6. Published

    Dación y reflexión: Una investigación fenomenológica

    León, F., 2016, Bogotá, Colombia: National University of Colombia. 200 p.

    Research output: Book/ReportBookResearchpeer-review

  7. Published

    Phenomenology of experiential sharing: The contribution of Schutz and Walther

    León, F. & Zahavi, D., 2016, The Phenomenological Approach to Social Reality: History, Concepts, Problems. Salice, A. & Schmid, H. B. (eds.). Cham: Springer, p. 219-234 16 p. (Studies in the Philosophy of Sociality, Vol. 6).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

  8. Published

    Shame and Selfhood

    León, F., 2013, In : Phaenomenologische Forschungen. 2012, p. 193-211 19 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  9. Published

    Experiential Other-Directness: To What Does It Amount?

    León, F., 2013, In : Tidsskrift for Medier, Erkendelse og Formidling . 1, 1, p. 21-38 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

ID: 46294531